Summary of Where the Mind is Without Fear by Rabindranath Tagore

Where the Mind is Without Fear was included in the volume called ‘Naibedya’, the original poem bears the title ‘Prarthana’ meaning prayer. The poem is a prayer to God. The poem was written by Rabindranath Tagore during the time when India was under the British Rule and people were eagerly waiting to get their freedom from the British Rule. This poem had given a lot of strength to the people who were struggling for India’s independence. It is a prayer to the Almighty for a hassle free nation free from any kind of manipulative or corrupted powers. Go through the summary of where the mind is without fear!

Where the Mind is Without Fear Line by Line Summary

Rabindranath Tagore sketches a moving picture of the nation; he would like India to be. In lines 1-2, the poet pledges to the Almighty that his country should be free from any fear of oppression or forced compulsion. He wants that everyone in his country should be free to hold their heads high in dignity. He dreams of a nation where knowledge or education would be free that is education should not be restricted to the upper class only but everybody should be free to acquire knowledge. There should not be any caste distinctions or gender distinction when it comes to education. In the succeeding line,

Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high
Where knowledge is free
Where the world has not been broken up into fragments
By narrow domestic walls

Tagore, in his poem ‘Where The Mind Is Without Fear’ wishes for a world which is not ‘fragmented’ by prejudices based on caste, creed, color, religion or other baseless superstitions. Prejudices and superstitions should not divide the people in groups and break their unity (line 4). He wants a nation where people are truthful, not superficial and words should come out from the depth of their hearts (line 5). The sixth line of ‘Where The Mind Is Without Fear’ talks about the poet yearning for a country where people would strive without getting tired to reach perfection leaving behind prejudices and old traditions. In the next line, line 7, Tagore wants the power of reason to dominate the minds of his countrymen, he does not want the ‘stream of reason’ to be lost amongst outdated customs and traditions and only that can direct the mind towards selfless thoughts and everlasting action.

Where words come out from the depth of truth
Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection
Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way
Into the dreary desert sand of dead habit

In the final line of the poem, Tagore asks the ‘Father’, presumably God to awaken his country into such a heaven of freedom.

Where the mind is led forward by thee
Into ever-widening thought and action
Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake.

The poem is patriotic in nature considering the independence and the happiness of the countrymen as the most important factor. If a country lacks such requirements, the countrymen can never be at peace. Consequently, the society will be full of disharmony and social unjust. The poem sends a message that the society should be free from all social evils, only then it can lead to progress. Therefore, Tagore prays to God to create such an ideal society for his motherland. Make sure you go through the critical analysis of Where the Mind is Without Fear.

Tell us what you liked most about this poem by Rabindranath Tagore.

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I have done my M.A in English andI love reading good books and sharing knowledge with others. Thanks for appreciating.


  1. sanyukta

    April 6, 2014 at 9:11 am

    Awesome explanation.! thanks!

    • nisamalik

      June 28, 2015 at 4:46 am

      an idiotic poem

      • Labiba

        January 16, 2016 at 1:00 pm

        It’s a beautiful poem written by a beautiful, passionate person

      • rahul

        February 25, 2016 at 7:50 am

        even ur face is!! but nobody says anything to u do they? so don’t say things u don’t mean

  2. prarthana

    July 22, 2014 at 2:20 pm

    wow! thank u so much for this good explanation

  3. praisy

    August 2, 2014 at 12:19 pm

    wonderful summary

  4. Amulya Sriharsha

    August 5, 2014 at 11:13 am

    the exact and a wonderful explanation thank you so much!!!!!!!

  5. shayan saha

    August 19, 2014 at 6:35 am

    nice summary

  6. Ushnendu Shekhar Patra

    September 18, 2014 at 5:14 am


  7. Nayanika

    October 7, 2014 at 8:24 am

    Lovely summary……..This poem is the strength to not only India that time but also to many normal people…….because even if India is independent now……many people struggle to live in the world……and this poem is a strength to them.

  8. dibyendu bhattacharyya

    November 25, 2014 at 8:08 am

    good but not better than the workbook of beeta publication

  9. swethaa

    November 30, 2014 at 8:12 am

    Awesome summary.line by line super

  10. tanvi

    December 3, 2014 at 4:45 pm

    Wow…it helped me alot..thank you so much!


    December 15, 2014 at 6:54 am


  12. Tanmay Mishra

    December 26, 2014 at 11:34 am

    Please upload the symbolic meaning of dreary desert sand of dead habit

  13. surya

    January 1, 2015 at 7:29 am

    Good essay

  14. Babita Chaturvedi

    January 6, 2015 at 4:35 pm

    Nice explanation

  15. kamal lama

    January 6, 2015 at 11:42 pm

    it is extremly helpful for me and those people who are teaching this,i would like to heartly thanks for providing summary and explanation.

  16. Aakash

    January 7, 2015 at 6:09 pm

    very knowledegable!!!!

  17. Sweggie

    January 18, 2015 at 8:37 pm

    Dis summary rox!!!

  18. bommuchengaiah

    January 20, 2015 at 1:43 am

    Very useful summary

  19. lavanya Bubna

    January 24, 2015 at 8:23 am

    Wonderful synopsis…

  20. Pallavi

    January 30, 2015 at 3:24 am

    Very nice summary line to line explanation

  21. Saransh Kharel

    February 10, 2015 at 1:15 pm

    it is too easier for children to do their assignments.

  22. insha khan

    February 27, 2015 at 3:42 pm

    Very nice summary… 🙂

  23. Aahana Singh

    May 18, 2015 at 3:31 am

    Thnxxx… a….lot….. this….. helped…. me…. sooo….. very…… muchh…..

  24. abhisek parida

    May 19, 2015 at 6:23 am


  25. Amrita

    May 27, 2015 at 8:46 am

    Thanks a ton! This helped me a lot…

  26. shubhangi ahuja

    June 9, 2015 at 10:16 am

    ‘Dreary desert sand of dead habit’ means doing something wrong or lifeless over and over again without knowing the truth and reality of the situation. It becomes boring and the task no longer remains creative and boring. Anyway, the summary is explanatory and interesting….good effort…..

  27. yash panchal

    June 14, 2015 at 5:19 am

    verrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrryyyyyyyy awesome summary

  28. N.Tejo Prakash

    June 14, 2015 at 5:58 am

    Fantastic!! Thanks for bringing out the nice essence of a great work by Guru ji!!

  29. Zeenafar Khan

    June 19, 2015 at 12:14 am

    Great Summary .It Helped Me A Lot. Thank You So Much.

  30. nisamalik

    June 25, 2015 at 3:51 pm

    actually i did not like this poem at all

  31. aarthi

    June 29, 2015 at 3:28 pm

    Very nice and usefull summary

  32. aarthi

    June 29, 2015 at 3:30 pm

    Wow nice summary.

  33. rinnatithik

    July 12, 2015 at 10:39 am

    amazing, i liked it its nice. i got good information

  34. shyam

    July 13, 2015 at 12:19 pm

    Very impressive! Splendiferous!

  35. Karuna

    July 14, 2015 at 12:15 pm

    thnx a lol n a lot……it really helped me..:)

  36. ananya katyayan

    July 26, 2015 at 10:25 am

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    helped me so much that it cant be describe!!!! thanks soooooo much!!!!!

  37. ananya katyayan

    July 26, 2015 at 10:26 am

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    helped me so much!!!!! thanks soooooo much!!!!!

  38. Shraddha.Kukkuje

    August 3, 2015 at 6:52 am

    thanku helped a lot! 😉

  39. abinaya

    August 9, 2015 at 3:47 am

    thank you for your kind explanation

  40. stuti

    August 15, 2015 at 4:44 am

    Nice!!! These notes are really gonna help me in exams.. ^_^

  41. MITHUN adhikary

    August 22, 2015 at 2:27 am

    very nice summer y

  42. MITHUN adhikary

    August 22, 2015 at 2:30 am

    very nice summery

  43. Chetan

    August 22, 2015 at 8:52 am

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  44. Dansree

    September 1, 2015 at 1:55 pm

    I loved it .thnx a lot

  45. sivashankar

    September 6, 2015 at 7:59 am

    Osum Theory its very helpful for me

  46. Kavya

    September 19, 2015 at 2:16 pm

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  47. Himanshi

    September 20, 2015 at 6:24 am

    Truly its very helpful…..

  48. eish

    October 12, 2015 at 1:31 pm

    it was truly helpful! thank you!

  49. Riddhith banerjee

    October 15, 2015 at 9:01 am

    well written

  50. Karthiga

    October 30, 2015 at 5:13 am

    Awesome summary….. Thank u… s very
    Helpful for me

  51. dharikha

    November 1, 2015 at 7:07 am

    its really nice but can be said more revalent

  52. dan

    November 5, 2015 at 7:00 pm

    love this, i passed my test because of you

  53. Faisal

    November 27, 2015 at 2:10 am

    Well explained. Timing is perfect given the atmosphere in the country.

  54. anshi singh

    December 3, 2015 at 3:05 pm


  55. Niharika

    December 17, 2015 at 2:17 pm

    I think it is wonderful and helpful especially for students like me😊

  56. Parth Raj Singh

    January 8, 2016 at 7:46 pm

    It was very helpful.thankyou beaming notes

  57. Fayaz

    January 21, 2016 at 11:47 am

    Superbbb exp tq

  58. Utkarsh aoni

    February 24, 2016 at 4:59 pm

    The summary is very good excellent but the summary needs improvement from the 9th line

  59. Utkarsh aoni

    February 24, 2016 at 5:01 pm

    Improvement from 9th line is needed

  60. Kushal Chachan

    March 30, 2016 at 2:02 pm

    ~The poet wishes that in his country everyone should be fearless and honoured.
    ~He wishes a free country where one can acquire knowledge without restriction.
    ~He wishes that his country should not be divided on the basis of narrow-domestic walls of caste, class, colour, religion, creed and religion.
    ~He wishes that his countrymen should be honest and truthful.
    ~They should strive tirelessly to achieve perfection in all their undertakings.
    ~They should not be led astray by bad habits and thoughts.
    ~Their mind should be led forward towards noble thoughts.
    ~He prays to God to raise his country into the heaven of freedom.


    Lines 1-2:
    In these lines, the poet prays to God that everyone in his country should be fearless. They should be free to hold their heads high in self-respect without having any fear of oppression or compulsion. In his country education should not be the monopoly of the rich and the affluent. The distribution of knowledge should not be restricted by narrow ideas and loyalties. This poem was written by Tagore when India was under the subjugation of the British. The British rule had robbed India of its pride and dignity by reducing it to a subjugated nation. Thus, Tagore dreamt of a country where the people could hold their heads high with pride in knowledge and strength.

    Lines 3-5:
    The poet feels that the world of man is fragmented; it is restricted to small mutually exclusive compartments. The poet prays that the minds of his countrymen should not be engulfed in prejudices based on caste, class, colour, religion, creed, region and narrow superstitions. On the other hand, their minds should be enriched by thoughts and actions, which are worthy and beneficial to the nation. He feels that the words of truth should come out from the depth of the heart and should be spoken courageously in the open for the world to hear. He prays that his countrymen should strive tirelessly to achieve perfection in all their undertakings.

    Lines 6-8:
    The poet prays that his countrymen should work for perfection in everything with the help of reason, leaving aside superstitious rituals. They should not be led astray from their goal in the dry desert of dead habits, that is, in a place where outdated customs and traditions are followed. His countrymen’s mind should be led forward into progressive thought and action, that is, they should be led by the power of reasoning to focus on the future with scientific thought. Tagore wants his country to awake to such a state of sound reasoning and righteous action. He prays to God, that his country should awake into a heaven of freedom.


    1. A prayer for a Subjugated Nation
    2. Poet’s dream

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