This story traces the beginning of the Civil Disobedience against the British authority in India. According to an agreement, the peasants in Muzzafarpur were supposed to grow Indigo in 15 percent of their land. A peasant named Rajkumar Shukla got Gandhi involved in this matter, who in turn negotiated terms with the British officials and made this whole system disappear. This incident made it clear to the British that the Indians were not going to have them order around in their own country. This act of disobedience not only freed the people from an unjust agreement but also made them self-reliant and courageous.
Indigo – Solved Short Questions and Answers :
- What according to Gandhiji was the beginning of the poor peasants’ (indigo growers) liberation from the fear of the British?
When the news o Gandhi’s arrival to the city spread like wildfire, Motihari town was bursting to its seam with Taking heart from the news of Mahatma’s arrival, they did public demonstration around the courthouse against the draconian law. This was for Gandhi was the first step of the peasants to liberate themselves from the fear of British.
- Civil disobedience had triumphed the first time in modern India. How?
A case against Gandhi was initiated for disregarding government orders. The spontaneous demonstration of thousands of peasants baffled the officials. The judge was requested to postpone the trial. Gandhi refused to furnish bail. The judge released him without bail. After a few days he received a letter where he was informed that the government dropped the case against him. This is how civil disobedience triumphed.
- What do you think led Gandhiji to exclaim, “The battle of Champaran is won”?
Gnaghi, an iconic leader to give voice to the voiceless, was more than ready to go to jail fighting against the injustice to the sharecroppers. Many prominent lawyers had come from all over India to advise and help him. At first, they said they would go back if Gandhi went to prison. Later they had consultations. They told Gandhi they were ready to follow him in jail. This support made Gandhi confident to declare that the battle of Champaran was won.
- This was typical Gandhi pattern, “Explain Gandhian politics in view of this statement.
Gandhi’s politics was grounded to reality unlike other leaders who had firm belief in lofty ideals. A non-believer of violence, Gandhi wanted to mount a strong challenge against the ruler in a bloodless way. His first aim was to instil a sense of self-respect among the Indians so that they could stand on their feet to fight British juggernaut.
- Why did Gandhi agree to a settlement of 25 percent refund to the farmers?
Even though the peasants expected Gandhi to ask for a full refund, Gandhi only asked for fifty percent of the sum. However, when the final settlement was made at twenty-five percent, Gandhi happily accepted it. For him, money was less important than the fact that the landlords had surrendered their pride along with the money. It was a lesson for all Indians to realize their rights and to be courageous.
- Why did Rajendra Prasand and the other lawyers agree to follow Gandhi to jail?
When Gandhi was taken to the court, Gandhi conferred with Rajendra Prasad, Brij Kishor Babu, Maulana Mazharul Huq and other prominent lawyers and asked them to support the sharecroppers of he went to jail. They were hesitant at first but later they realized that if Gandhi, being a total stranger, was ready to go to prison for the poor peasants, then it would be shameful if they, not only as residents of the adjoining districts but also as those who had claimed to serve the peasants, do not take any action against the injustice.
- Why was the Champaran episode a turning point in Gandhi’s life?
The Champaran movement did not begin as an act of defiance. It grew out of an attempt to help the poor peasants against the injustice of the British. This marked the beginning of building a courageous and rebellious India. The Champaran incident made it clear to the people that the British could not go about ordering the Indians in their own country.
- What measures did Gandhi take to uplift the backward people at Champaran?
Two young men, Mahadev Desai and Narhari Parikh, and their wives along with Gandhi’s youngest son, Devadas, and his wife, Kasturbai, volunteered to help Gandhi in uplifting the social and cultural backwardness in the Champaran villages. Primary schools were opened in six villages. Kasturbai played a pivotal role in educating the villagers about the ashram rules on personal cleanliness and community sanitation. Gandhi requested a doctor to volunteer his services for six months. Castor oil, quinine and sulphur ointment were made available as well.
Indigo Solved Long Questions and Answers :
- Self-reliance, Indian independence, and help to sharecroppers were all bound together Explain this statement with examples from ‘Indigo’.
In his lengthy stay at Champaran, Gandhi’s political career took a significant drift. Only after this protest, Gandhi gathered strength to give the clarion call of Independence.
Champaran incident did not begin as an act of defiance.It grew out of an attempt to make the suffering of a large number of poor peasants less severe. Mahatma concentrated on their practical day to day problems.He analysed the root cause of problem which was fear. He took significant step to eradicate it. The mass agitation of peasants against the draconian law of British was the first significant step to dispel fear.
In everything he did, he tried to mould a new free India who could stand on its own feet. He taught the lawyer friends a lesson in self-reliance by opposing the involvement of CF Andrews, an Englishman in their unequal fight. His help would be a prop the highlight the inherent weakness of the rulers. This a tiny spark of revolution would soon turn into a big fire.
- Rajkumar Shukla unwittingly played an important role in freeing the peasant community in India. Do you agree?
Rajkumar Shukla met Gandhi in December 1916, when he had gone to attend the annual convention of the Indian National Congress in Lucknow, where Shukla informed Gandhi about the miserable plight of the indigo sharecroppers. He insisted Gandhi to pay a visit to Champaran and informed him about the sharecropping arrangement according to which the peasants were compelled by the landlords to plant 15% of their land with indigo and surrender the entire harvest as rent.
Although Rajkumar was illiterate and poor, he was determined to bring Gandhi with him to Champaran. Shukla was committed to accompany Gandhi to Kanpur and to other parts of India. He did not leave Gandhi’s side at any point. Shukla even followed him to his ashram. It was because of Shukla’s tenacity and resolution that Gandhi agreed to take up their cause. Finally, after several months, when Gandhi went to Calcutta, Rajkumar Shukla managed to take Gandhi to Champaran. It was because of his determination that Gandhi decided to look into the matter which made the incident iconic in the liberation of India from the British rule.