Indigo Summary: Indigo is written by Louis Fischer who narrates Gandhiji’s struggle at Champaran for the poor people. The peasants at Champaran were sharecroppers with the British planters. The peasants produced Indigo on 15% of the land area and according to an old agreement, they had to give it as rent to the landlords. It was around 1917, the Germans started developing synthetic Indigo and this mitigated the requirement of Indigo for British planters. In order to release the peasants from the 15 per cent old agreement, the Britishers demanded compensation from them. Most of the illiterate peasants agreed to it except a few. During that period, Gandhiji appeared in Champaran.
He looked into the matter, stood by the side of the poor peasants and fought a long battle of one year, managing to get justice for them. This made the peasants courageous and made them aware of their fundamental rights. Gandhii’s work at Champaram didn’t just confine to political or economic struggle. He also worked on social issues like arrangements for education, health and hygiene for the families of the poor peasants. He taught them the lessons of self-reliance and self-dependence. This was one of the first struggles that paved the way for India’s independence. Here ends the Indigo summary. Go through the solved questions below:-
Solved Short Questions and Answers for Indigo:
1. What according to Gandhiji was the beginning of the poor peasants’ (indigo growers) liberation from the fear of the British?
When the news o Gandhi’s arrival to the city spread like wildfire, Motihari town was bursting to its seam with Taking heart from the news of Mahatma’s arrival, they did public demonstration around the courthouse against the draconian law. This was for Gandhi was the first step of the peasants to liberate themselves from the fear of British.
2. Civil disobedience had triumphed the first time in modern India. How?
A case against Gandhi was initiated for disregarding government orders. The spontaneous demonstration of thousands of peasants baffled the officials. The judge was requested to postpone the trial. Gandhi refused to furnish bail. The judge released him without bail. After a few days he received a letter where he was informed that the government dropped the case against him. This is how civil disobedience triumphed.
3. What do you think led Gandhiji to exclaim, “The battle of Champaran is won”?
Gnaghi, an iconic leader to give voice to the voiceless, was more than ready to go to jail fighting against the injustice to the sharecroppers. Many prominent lawyers had come from all over India to advise and help him. At first, they said they would go back if Gandhi went to prison. Later they had consultations. They told Gandhi they were ready to follow him in jail. This support made Gandhi confident to declare that the battle of Champaran was won.
4. This was typical Gandhi pattern, “Explain Gandhian politics in view of this statement.
Gandhi’s politics was grounded to reality unlike other leaders who had firm belief in lofty ideals. A non-believer of violence, Gandhi wanted to mount a strong challenge against the ruler in a bloodless way. His first aim was to instil a sense of self-respect among the Indians so that they could stand on their feet to fight British juggernaut.
Solved Long Questions and Answers for Indigo:
1. Self-reliance, Indian independence, and help to sharecroppers were all bound together Explain this statement with examples from ‘Indigo’.
In his lengthy stay at Champaran, Gandhi’s political career took a significant drift. Only after this protest, Gandhi gathered strength to give the clarion call of Independence.
Champaran incident did not begin as an act of defiance.It grew out of an attempt to make the suffering of a large number of poor peasants less severe. Mahatma concentrated on their practical day to day problems.He analysed the root cause of problem which was fear. He took significant step to eradicate it. The mass agitation of peasants against the draconian law of British was the first significant step to dispel fear.
In everything he did, he tried to mould a new free India who could stand on its own feet. He taught the lawyer friends a lesson in self-reliance by opposing the involvement of CF Andrews, an Englishman in their unequal fight. His help would be a prop the highlight the inherent weakness of the rulers. This a tiny spark of revolution would soon turn into a big fire.
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