Analysis of In The Bazaars of Hyderabad by Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu is a poet of Indian thought and culture and her poems described Indian flora and fauna, Indian customs and traditions, festivals, men and women, places legends of kings and queens etc. In her poem, In The Bazaars of Hyderabad, she has sketched the image of a typical Indian bazaar in Hyderabad. Please go through the summary of in the bazaars of Hyderabad if you haven’t!

The general style of the poem is in the form of question and answers. Each stanza begins with a question and ends with an answer. The poet enquires the sellers and vendors of the bazaar about what they are selling which brings out the grandeur of the traditional Indian bazaars. It also adds a special charm to the lyrics of the poem.
The poet has used vibrant rhymes to describe the magnificence of the bazaars and the products sold.
It also adds life to her descriptions. Examples of the rhyming words are, ‘brocade-jade’; ‘rice-spice-dice’; ring-wing-king’; ‘red-bed-dead’ and many more.

Lyrical poetry is a form of poetry that expresses personal and emotional feelings of the poet. In The Bazaars of Hyderabad is a lyrical poem. It celebrates the life depicted in the bazaars of Hyderabad, the occupation of the common folk, their joys and sorrows of everyday life.

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The poet has touched upon all the five senses of the human body to describe the splendor of the Indian traditional bazaar.
Visual imagery is depicted by the use of vibrant colors- silver, crimson, purple, amber, blue, azure, red and white.
Olfactory senses are stimulated by the use of the fragrances-sandalwood, henna and the smell of flowers.
Auditory imagery is created through the music played by the sitar, the sarangi and the drums. Also the chanting of the magical spells by the magicians produces an auditory image in the minds of the readers.
Gustatory imagery that is the sense of taste is created through the portrayal of the fruits like lemons, pomegranates and plums, staple Indian food lentils and rice.
Finally, the tactile imagery which is the sense of touch produced by the bells made for the pigeons.

Simile: A simile is a figure of speech in which two dissimilar objects are compared and the comparison is made clear by the use of terms like ‘like’, ‘such as’ and so on. Here, in In The Bazaars of Hyderabad, ‘frail as a dragon-fly’s wing’ is a fine example of simile. The bells of made for the feet of the pigeons are compared with the delicate wings of a dragon-fly.
Repetition: Sarojini Naidu has repeatedly asked questions in every stanza about the different kinds of goods sold in the bazaar.

What do you sell, o ye merchants?
What do you weigh, o ye vendors?

Folk theme is one of the dominant themes in Sarojini Naidu’s poetry. In The Bazaars of Hyderabad deals with one such theme, the loveliness and vibrancy of a traditional Indian bazaar in the city of Hyderabad.
The poet has vividly described the bazaar with vendors selling different kind of wares. Sarojini Naidu visits the stalls given by merchants, maidens, pedlars, goldsmiths, fruit sellers, musicians and flower girls. She questions them about what they are selling about what they are selling and who in turn politely answer.

Through the poem, we see the bazaar witnesses both sorrows and joys of life. They witness happy moments such as wedding when the bazaar is crowded with people buying garlands, jewelry etc and also during the festive occasions like Holi, Diwali, Eid etc.
The bazaars also witness occasions of sadness like death when kings and soldiers die and the flower girls are seen weaving sheets of white flowers to be used for the dead people’s grave.

Another theme in the poem is the Swadeshi Movement. Though this theme is not explicitly mentioned in the poem but it can be deduced from the time period when the poem was composed. As we all know, Sarojini Naidu was a freedom fighter and she actively took part in the freedom movement and was an ardent follower of Gandhiji and his ideals. . During this time, publication of Indian newspapers was banned so she might have thought the best way to spread the message to people was through her poems. In this poem, she is asking the people of India to boycott the foreign goods and buy products from the typical Indian markets which she has beautifully depicted in her poem In The Bazaars of Hyderabad.

Go through the Solved Questions

Discuss Sarojini Naidu’s poetry as ‘Indian in thought and spirit’

How has Sarojini Naidu brought out the vibrancy of the bazaars of Hyderabad?


I have done my M.A in English andI love reading good books and sharing knowledge with others. Thanks for appreciating.

  1. Reply
    Pikachu December 11, 2013 at 2:44 pm

    I believe that this poem uses juxtapose
    in the last stanza….
    Kindly confirm….

  2. Reply
    Aniket November 15, 2014 at 12:19 pm

    Yes Pikachu…The ultimate juxtapose of life has been used in this poem..!!

  3. Reply
    Deepika January 18, 2015 at 1:38 pm

    Can u plz tell me what does the phrase tassels of azure and red mean?

    • Reply
      Cass July 7, 2016 at 6:05 am

      More like flowers of blue and azure

    • Reply
      Rajosmita Saha May 19, 2016 at 6:20 am

      braids or edgings
      of blue/sapphire and red colour.

  4. Reply
    jaya sinha May 18, 2015 at 5:43 pm

    A comprehensive analysis.

  5. Reply
    ahana singh June 17, 2015 at 6:17 am

    thanx and I do liked the style of the poem………..

  6. Reply
    pooja June 21, 2015 at 6:46 am

    nice and thanks’

  7. Reply
    thashwin boss September 6, 2015 at 1:25 pm

    this was written to promote swadeshi movement right ??

  8. Reply
    KUMARISRI November 4, 2015 at 2:59 am

    It is very nice and useful.Can you please tell me what is the meaning of scabbards and tassels of azure and red.

    • Reply
      manju January 10, 2016 at 5:28 am

      Scabbards are the cases or holders for the blade of a sword..tassels are bunches of is a sky blue colour

  9. Reply
    swathi November 19, 2015 at 2:38 pm

    no abandend poetic devices r there
    but it is good because it s written by
    sarojini naidu

  10. Reply
    Taajkaal February 7, 2016 at 6:07 am

    So useful

  11. Reply
    payal February 9, 2016 at 2:06 pm


    Truly awesome

  12. Reply
    divz February 12, 2016 at 2:14 pm

    Cray helpful.. thanks

  13. Reply
    Paramjeet Kaur March 30, 2016 at 3:23 pm

    This poem tells us about the visual imagery of the bazaars of hyderabad

  14. Reply
    Ruchika Bose April 28, 2016 at 4:41 am

    Can u please give me the answer of the question.Describe Unity and Diversity in the poem,In the Bazaars of Hyderabad

    • Reply
      sourav agarwal May 18, 2016 at 6:48 am

      Yes Ruchika l am also hunting for the same answer

  15. Reply
    ayush yadav May 17, 2016 at 4:04 am

    good …I like it .. it helped me a lot in doing my project work…..

  16. Reply
    QWERTY May 29, 2016 at 11:18 am


    • Reply
      Sherry August 21, 2016 at 8:14 pm

      Exertmely helpful article, please write more.

  17. Reply
    Shatakshi June 10, 2016 at 4:30 pm

    what’s the patriotism described in the poem?

  18. Reply
    D.R June 13, 2016 at 4:07 am

    I feel that this poem has been analysed successfully and thoroughly. I also believe that the analysis of this poem may also be used to form a story, as it analyses the time period in which the poem had been set, the meaning and story behind each stanza, the themes portrayed throughout the poem, and poetic devices which had been caught and shown to us as an audience. As a grade eight student, I am also being trained to use and portray these techniques through my own writing, and to be able to visualise where and how, many of these techniques have been used, has assisted me majorly. I thank you sincerely.

  19. Reply
    Shifa shamsi June 16, 2016 at 2:39 pm

    It is superb…very helpful.
    Thanks a lot ?

  20. Reply
    Triparna Das Bhattacharya June 23, 2016 at 2:03 am

    The explanation here has proved to be quite helpful.thanks.

  21. Reply
    m.banerjee September 13, 2016 at 10:35 am

    Thank you very much, the notes are extremely helpful.
    Will definately be using this site again in the future

  22. Reply
    Tisha Chordia September 16, 2016 at 7:56 am

    this website is an extremely helpful one. i got cleared with the content as i went through this website… i will surely continue to use this website and recommend others also……this is really awesome.

  23. Reply
    Tania September 19, 2016 at 2:56 pm

    Please feel free to ask doubts?

  24. Reply
    abcd90 November 25, 2016 at 10:35 am

    can you tell me what white blossoms signify

  25. Reply
    pravas May 6, 2017 at 6:26 am

    Very nice ?

  26. Reply
    Rajani July 6, 2017 at 6:46 am

    thanks it is very helpful. Explanation of theme and style is nice

  27. Reply
    Rajani July 6, 2017 at 6:48 am

    the explanation with theme and style of the poem is very nice

  28. Reply
    pal1156 August 5, 2017 at 1:32 pm

    what is the theme line of the poem , i didnt understand

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