Sarojini Naidu, the poet, freedom fighter, and patriot, was also known by the sobriquet The Nightingale of India. She was a sensitive poet and wrote poetry based on the beauty of simple joys and sorrows of life. Her poetry included children’s poems, nature poems, poems on love and death, etc. We have divided the explanation of the poem into two parts. The first part is what you are currently reading (summary of In the Bazaars of Hyderabad), and the second part is (an analysis of In the Bazaars of Hyderabad) which will help you understand the poem in detail and frame the best answers for your exam!
Summary of In The Bazaars of Hyderabad by Sarojini Naidu
The Bazaars of Hyderabad is a vibrant, colourful poem describing the bazaars of Hyderabad. This poem was written during British Rule when Indians were asked to boycott foreign products and buy goods from traditional Indian bazaars. During this time, the publication of Indian newspapers was banned, so she might have thought the best way to spread the message to people was through her poems.
In The Bazaars of Hyderabad begins with a question from the poet to the merchants in the bazaar about what they are selling. The merchants reply that they are selling silver and crimson-coloured turbans, purple brocade tunics, mirrors framed in amber, and daggers with handles made of jade. The first stanza ends there.
The next stanza is about another stall, and the same question is asked by the poet to the vendors about what they are weighing and selling. The vendors sell saffron, lentils, and rice. The poet asks the maidens what they are grinding, and she gets a reply that they are grinding henna, sandalwood, and spices. The poet then questions the pedlars about what they are selling, and they say chessmen dice made from ivory.
The third stanza takes us to a jewellery store where the poet asks the goldsmith what ornaments they make. Wristlets, anklets, and rings are made, is the reply. Moreover, they say they manufacture bells for blue pigeons to be tied to their feet. The bells are as delicate as a dragonfly’s wing. Simultaneously they make gold girdles for dancers and sheaths for kings to keep their swords.
The poet visits a fruit shop in the fourth stanza of the poem In The Bazaars of Hyderabad. There she enquires about what they are selling. They tell her they sell lemons, pomegranates, and plums. Then the musicians are asked what they play, saying sitar, sarangi, and drums are played. She even comes across magicians and asks them what they are chanting, and they say that they are chanting magical spells to charm thousand of ages to come.
The final stanza is about the flower girls who are asked what they are weaving with strands of red and blue flowers. The girls reply that they are making garlands for the bride and groom to decorate their beds for their wedding night. They are also weaving sheets of white flowers, which are placed on graves for fragrance purposes.
The Bazaars of Hyderabad are lucid and vivid in language. It creates a beautiful and colourful picture of the bazaar in the minds of its readers.
Facts about Sarojini Naidu:
*She was the first female President of the Indian National Congress.
*She was also the first woman to become the Governor of Uttar Pradesh
*Her birthday is celebrated as Women’s Day in India.
*She was proficient in Urdu, Telugu, Bengali, Persian, and English.
Go through the Solved Questions
You can also check out the summary of The Gift of India by Sarojini Naidu.
Updated by Anjali Roongta on 16th April 2023.
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