- What does the notice “The world’s most dangerous animal” at a cage in the zoo of Lusaka signify?
In the zoo in Lusaka, there is a cage where the notice reads “The world’s most dangerous animal” and inside the cage is a mirror where you can see a reflection of yourself. The point is to make people aware of their destructive nature. People play a vital role in making the world a better place to live in. This notice is a reminder to the people of their evil attitude towards the environment.
- How are the biological systems eroded?
The four main biological systems- fisheries, forests, grasslands, croplands- are exploited on a daily basis to an extent that has led to an impairment in their efficiency. Overfishing is a common example. Local forests are being destroyed in poor countries in order to procure firewood for cooking. In some areas, firewood has become even more expensive than food. The decimation of tropical forests leads to extinction of a number of species living in it.
- “We have not inherited this earth from our forefathers; we have borrowed it from our children.” Justify.
According to Mr. Lester Brown, “We have not inherited this earth from our forefathers; we have borrowed it from our children.” There is a rising awareness in human beings to shift their view from a mechanistic one to a holistic and ecological view of the world. We live in the “Era of Responsibility” where our present actions determine the future of our progenies. Whatever we do, we must keep in mind that our development should meet the needs of the present while keeping in mind the needs of our future generations.
- “Laws are never respected nor enforced in India.” Explain.
Article 48A of the Constitution of India states that the State shall try to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country. But the sad part is that, in this country, are often taken for granted and not strictly followed or enforced. For instance, the Constitution states that Casteism, Untouchability, and Bonded Labour are a punishable offense and shall be abolished. But even after years of operation of the Constitution, these are practiced in many parts of the country.
- The population of the world is growing at an alarming rate. Explain.
The growing world population is one of the major factors damaging the future of human society. In 1800, the world population was just one billion. By 1900, another billion was added to the overall population. By the twentieth century, another 3.7 billion was added. The present world population is estimated to be about 5.7 billion. Every four days the world population increases by one million.
- Why is our age the “Era of Responsibility”?
There is a serious concern prevailing in the world for the survival not just of the people but of the planet. The present environmental problems do not indicate our death but it is our passport for the future. We have to learn to live responsibly for the sake of our progenies. An ecological and holistic view has to be adapted to see the world not as a disjointed collection of parts but as an integrated whole.
Solved Long Question and Answer for “The ailing planet: the Green Movement’s Role”
- Why does the author think that the growing population is one of the vital factors in damaging the future of the human society?
Growing population is one of the strongest factors destroying the environment as more people indicate exploitation of more resources. According to a three-year study using satellites and aerial photography conducted by the United Nations, it is reported that the environment’s condition is ‘critical’ in many of the eighty-eight countries investigated. We are losing forests at the rate of an-acre-and-a-half every second. According to Government statistics, India is losing its forests at the rate of 3.7 million acres a year. But the actual loss of forests is estimated to be about eight times this rate. More number of people would require more resources which results in overfishing, the decimation of forests for woods and in eventual degradation of the environment. Controlling the population would result in overall development as it would lead to a rise in income, a spread in education and an improvement in health. More number of people do not indicate more productivity. It would merely mean more number of unemployed people.
- “Fertility falls as income rise, education spreads, and health improves.” Justify.
The present world population is about 5.7 billion. Every four days the population increases by one million. As incomes rise, health improves and education spreads, fertility rate falls. Development is possible when we limit the population. The rich get richer and the poor produce more babies which makes them turn ever poorer. More children result in more number of unemployed people. If there is no proper system of voluntary family planning then it would most definitely lead to preservation of poverty and degradation of resources. This indicates that unless population control is given the utmost priority, more number of people are likely to die hungry and poor. We must raise awareness in people so that they are capable of choosing between control of population and perpetuation of poverty. Population plays a major role in distorting the future of human society. Hence, it must be checked and controlled for the smooth functioning of the society and for maintaining a balance in the ecosystem.
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