The poem If can be viewed as a set of guidelines on how to live and act with integrity and right values such that one becomes the ideal human. Each of the four stanzas deals with different life situations and the best way to act during them. The poem If does not have a conspicuous physical setting. However, after reading the poem one can visualize a scene in which a father is speaking to his son and giving him the most valuable life lesson on how to become a complete man. The token of personal philosophy and wisdom which the father imparts to his son has universal validity. Read below and refer to additional links for If summary-
Form and Structure: The structure of the poem If is taut, neat and symmetrical. It has been divided into four identical stanzas of eight lines each. Hence, the poem has thirty two lines in total.
The meter of the stanzas is iambic pentameter, which means each line can be divided into five feet with one unstressed and stressed syllable each in that order. This gives the form of the poem a sense of cohesion and order which is very much in keeping with the central idea of the poem which advocates an ordered and controlled lifestyle. Iambic Pentameter invests an ambience of control and order to any poem.
Rhyme Scheme: The 1st stanza of the poem follows the rhyming pattern of AAAABCBC whereas the 2nd , 3rd and 4th stanzas follow the rhyming pattern of ABABCDCD.
Central Idea of IF by Rudyard Kipling:
Life only has meaning when it has been lived meaningfully and our identity as human beings can only be ratified in the real sense of the term if we live virtuously by following a set of high moral codes and conduct. Rudyard Kipling’s If is a blueprint for all those qualities and virtues which we must inculcate within us to be able to call ourselves complete human beings and also in order to attain true success in life. In course of the thirty two lines of the poem, Kipling advocates the virtues of composure, patience, integrity, modesty, control, perseverance, tolerance determination, confidence – for a few to cite. This poem is the like a rule book to perfect the art of living and being human.
Theme of the Poem IF:
The over-arching theme of the poem If is successful virtuous living based on values pertaining to integrity, rightful behavior and self-development. The poem speaks to each and every reader on what it means to become a complete man and how he operates through the thick and thins of life. The various values and codes of conduct imparted through the poem form the different sub-themes of the poem, which are as follows:
Rightful Behavior: Most of what this poem advocates deals with rightful behavior such as keeping a calm head and maintaining composure during times of crisis instead of indulging in blame games. The poet also adds that we must not deal with lies or brew hatred in our hearts even if the ones around us are doing the same. Upon achieving success or failure the poet advocates the rightful stance of not letting any of these promotions or set-backs influencing us. Instead we must understand the temporary nature of the ups and downs in life and go about our business in a steadfast, unaffected fashion.
Modesty: Modesty is one theme which shines out in the poem. The poet asks us to never get too self-righteous even if we have the best set of virtues and abide by strict moral codes: And yet don’t look too good, nor talk too wise. Money often comes in suit with arrogance. The poet urges his readers to practice modesty upon getting successful in life so that he can fit in seamlessly with the kings as well as the common masses.
Balance: Maintaining balance and control in all aspects of life is an important theme which the poem forwards. The poet asks us to give our maximum effort to our goals in life but at the same times asks us to not make our ambition and dreams our be all and end all. He asks us to have faith in our belief system but not so much that we become immune to the valuable opinions of others.
Patience: There is also the theme of patience in the poem. The poet asks us to patiently wait for our efforts to reach fruition because all good things take time to materialize.
Self-belief: Belief in the self is one another sub-theme in the poem. The poet asks us to not lose faith in our beliefs and convictions even if the ones around us begin to lose hope in us.
Risk Taking: The poem often showcases life as a gamble in which all our achievements might get washed away. The poet wants us to be willing to take that risk in life as it will bring us closer to our final goals in life.
Persistence: The ‘never-give-up’ outlook towards life is one major theme of the poem. The poet asks us to keep striving towards our goals, against all odds, even if it involves putting all of our life’s achievements at stake. Shall we lose all we have while trying to get ahead in life, we must not back down but muster enough will power and determination to start again from scratch.
Time Management: The unforgiving nature of Time comes out in the last stanza of the poem. The poet stresses upon the fact that Time when lost never comes back so one must give every second of our waking minutes all we have to make the most of it
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