Analysis of Nature by Emily Dickinson

Context: Emily Dickinson, an American poet who spent her life in solitude writing poems on religion and nature. Her poems are the letters that she had written to her father and sister-in-law. These letters were published later after death. In this poem, she is speaking about the how she is mesmerised by the nature all around her. She is finds nature in the hills and in the animals. But she thinks that there is no efficient way to express the serenity and simplicity of nature, there is no art form that would help us to express nature in any form.

Rhyming Style and Structure: There is a definite rhyme scheme which has not been followed thoroughly in this poem by Dickinson, which is a b a c. For example:

“Nature” is what we see—
The Hill—the Afternoon—
Squirrel—Eclipse— the Bumble bee—
Nay—Nature is Heaven—

The poet has used many punctuation marks and dashes in the poem, which helps the readers to understand the flow of emotions and expressions in the poem. The dashes are the pauses, which helps the readers to understand the highs and lows in the poem.

There are many words which started in upper-case, which the poet wanted the readers to put more emphasis on and understand the importance of those words, for example:

Nature is what we know—
Yet have no art to say—
So impotent Our Wisdom is
To her Simplicity

The poet wants the readers to emphasise on the words and understand the importance of the words in the sentence and context. This is one of the ways how the poet could help the readers understand the expressions of the poet.

Theme: The theme of this poem is nature and imagery. The poet is trying to tell that nature is around us everywhere, but there is no way we could duplicate or record it in our art or thoughts, as nature is brilliant at its simplicity. We can only enjoy nature, but not capture it any art form, as the beauty of nature is something we cannot touch to copy.

Imagery is an essential theme in this poem, where the poet has taken help of the parts of nature which are symbolic to the grief or mood that she has set in this poem. in literature, we have such metaphors and symbols which helps the author, writer, and poets to express what they want to say in ornamental phrases, and it also helps the readers to understand the tone and setting of the content. For example: “as cold as winter”, “as bright as the sun”, etc.

In this poem, the poet has used nature as the tool of imagery, symbolism, and metaphor to express her feelings in a precise manner, where the reader could relate to and understand the intentions of the poet. The poet is a person who loves nature and and her poems would have nature as an element of imagery and symbolism.

Deep Meaning: The deep meaning of this poem is that we are surrounded by nature everywhere, be it any as big as the hill or as small as the squirrel. But inspite of being surrounded by nature everywhere, no human art or skill could reach even closer to the perfection of nature. Nature is simple and brilliant, and our wisdom is nothing infront of it.


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